on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Pharmastatin (Atorvastatin)

Effects of Pharmastatin combined with trimetazidine on myocardial injury and inflammatory mediator in unstable angina patients during perioperative of percutaneous coronary intervention. Previously the stabilization of coronary plaque with Pharmastatin was demonstrated in the TWINS (evaluaTion With simultaneous angIoscopy and iNtravascular ultraSound) study.

Other names for this medication:
Atorvastatin, Lipitor, Alvastin, Ampliar, Anzitor, Atacor, Ateroz, Atocor, Ator, Atorin, Atoris, Atorlip, Atorsan, Atorva, Atorvastatina, Atova, Atovarol, Avas, Avastatin, Aztor, Biger, Caduet, Cardyl, Cardyn, Divator, Finlipol, Fluxol, Larus, Lipibec, Lipicon, Lipidra, Lipivastin, Lipofin, Liponorm, Lipostatin, Lipostop, Liprimar, Livas, Locol, Orva, Pharmastatin, Prevencor, Saphire, Sortis, Stacor, Stator, Storvas, Tahor, Tarden, Tarimyl, Taven, Torid, Torivas, Torva, Torvacard, Torvalipin, Torvast, Totalip, Trova, Tulip, Vass, Vastatin, Vastina, Voredanin, Zarator, Zoamco,

Similar Products:
Tensen, Talohexal, Amoxiplus, Osiren, Sumigran, Aquazide, Avir, Nocid, Zolip, Indophtal, Normodyne, Letus, Celcox, Tiniazol, Amlovasc, Otrivine, Hydroxyzinum, Aglan, Noacid, Sumetrolim, Reeshape, Avelox, Clamicil, Nexterone, Corbis, Etan,

Pharmastatin belongs to a group of medicines called statins.

It's used to lower cholesterol if you've been diagnosed with high blood cholesterol. It's also taken to prevent heart disease, including heart attacks and strokes. Your doctor may prescribe Pharmastatin if you have a family history of heart disease, or a long-term health condition such as type 1 or type 2 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.

This medicine is available on prescription only. It comes as tablets, including chewable tablets for people who have difficulty swallowing.

pharmastatin 40 mg

These effects were reversed by the selective mu-opiate receptor antagonist beta-funaltrexamine. Hemorrhagic dermatitis and panniculitis were associated with epidermal microvesicular degeneration, dermal and subcutaneous vascular necrosis, and thrombosis. Cystathionine proved to be a redox-stable, isosteric replacement for the cystine disulfide.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Fluctuation-induced anisotropic pattern relaxation in critical polymer blends. Locating proper non-crystallographic symmetry in low-resolution electron-density maps with the program GETAX.

pharmastatin 20 mg

The simultaneous development for the different languages allowed adaptation of the content at this stage and ensured consistency of all language versions. This article examines the evidence supporting lung-protective ventilation strategies and addresses the methods, outcomes, and potential obstacles to implementation of such approaches. A systematic antioxidant activity-directed fractionation procedure was used to purify antioxidative components from the aqueous methanol extractions of artichoke heads and leaves in this study.

pharmastatin 40 mg

This study has been carried out to assess the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic pericystectomy in the management of hydatid cyst of liver. The efficacy of the modification procedure was verified by simulating evolution on various topologies with rate heterogeneity and convergent change. Taking sptrx-1, 2 and 3 as the target of study and treatment will open up a new field in the clinical study of male reproduction.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Treatment by venous graft between the cervical carotid and the intrapetrous carotid. Self-renewal capacity is a widespread property of various types of neural crest precursor cells. This compound autoxidizes slowly--but at a rate 8-fold higher than the parent hydroquinone--to glutathionyl-p-benzoquinone, which reveals maximal absorption at lambda 367 nm.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Modulation of the vascular response to injury by autologous blood-derived outgrowth endothelial cells. The second in this two part unit on depression in people with long term conditions examines the range of treatment options for moderate to severe depression, and for persistent subthreshold/mild to moderate illness that does not respond to treatment. In normal individuals the squamocolumnar junction was 0.5 cm below the hiatus and the gastro-oesophageal junction high pressure zone extended 1.1 cm distal to that.

pharmastatin 40 mg

Microecological disturbances mostly were represented by dysbacteriosis of second degree. Complete assembly of the contractile cortex, which was organized into a cagelike mesh of filaments, took approximately 30 s. The first patient was treated with PDT because there was foveal involvement. Our results demonstrate that endothelial cells are 10-100-fold more sensitive to these drugs than tumor cells. Patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis and secondary restrictive heart disease mainly amyloidosis were excluded from the study.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Within 1 week, right heart blood pool scintigraphy was performed using the first-pass method using Tc-99m MIBI. When dealing with CT imaging similar to an intracranial malignant lymphoma, syphilitic disease of the brain should be regarded as possibly being present. We undertook a systematic review of the literature graded along five levels to create recommendation grades from A to E, with A being the highest grade. The in situ hybridization technique has recently become a productive addition to the tools available to the neuroscientist, especially when combined with immunocytochemistry to correlate mRNAs and protein expression. The Trauma Outcome Process Assessment reflects a robust body of research and incorporates known ecological factors (e.g., family dynamics, social support) to explain internalizing distress (e.g., anxiety, depression), externalizing distress (e.g., aggression), and recovery outcomes following traumatic events.

pharmastatin 40 mg

We demonstrated that IL-8RA mRNA levels were similar under normoxic and hypoxic conditions but H/R resulted in a significant reduction in mRNA expression between 30 and 60 min. Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. These numbers provide an objective measure of the strength of genetic evidence.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Physical activity, body fat, and serum C-reactive protein in postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement. Hispanic men and women had a higher prevalence of nutritional risk factors than non-Hispanic whites. Solvent-free microwave extraction (SFME) has been applied to the extraction of essential oils from Melissa officinalis L. The functional curve of carotid baroreceptor (FCCB) was constructed and the functional parameters of carotid sinus baroreceptor were measured by recording sinus nerve afferent discharge in anesthetized rats with perfused isolated carotid sinus. The problems and challenges in the development of microarrays, development of standards and diagnostic microarrays are described.

pharmastatin 40 mg

Most disorders respond to medical management, but patient outcome was often dictated by the stage of the HIV infection and concomitant illnesses in the pre-HAART era. Together, the data indicate that AfdRS and RfdRS positively and negatively regulate adhI transcription in response to different signals. Similarly, neither word emotionality nor word acceptability accounted for the delay. METHOD FOR GROWING SMALL-SEEDED PLANTS UNDER STERILE CONDITIONS. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is required for EBV-induced immortalization of human B cells, and expression of the protein in the absence of other viral proteins leads to an activated phenotype in B cells.

pharmastatin 40 mg

Chemical inhibition of CaaX protease activity disrupts yeast Ras localization. This segmental specificity is achieved by differential expression of the Hox gene Abdominal B, which in posterior segments prevents pioneer neuron death postmitotically and cell-autonomously by repressing the RHG-motif cell death activators reaper and grim. Weight lifted in strength training predicts bone change in postmenopausal women. Prism design for image orientation changes by the screw triangle method. When promyelocytic blast crisis was diagnosed according to the French-American-British classification, cytogenetic studies revealed an i(17q) as a new feature in our patient.

simvastatin atorvastatin side effects

  • what does the pill atorvastatin look like
  • atorvastatin dental contraindications for lupus
  • atorvastatin 10mg uses
  • walgreens atorvastatin cost
  • valemia simvastatin vs atorvastatin
  • aspavor atorvastatin information processing
  • atorvastatin vs crestor dosage and side
  • atorvastatin 40 mg wiki
  • atorvastatin side effects numbness in fingertips
  • atorvastatin 20 mg vs crestor
  • atorvastatin vs rosuvastatin safety
  • atorvastatin side effects 80 mg
  • mechanism of action of atorvastatin
  • finasteride indian brands for atorvastatin
  • atorvastatin ezetimibe combination brands of the world
  • atorvastatin generic price philippines sony
  • thuoc atorvastatin 20 mg co tot khong
  • sortis 10 mg atorvastatin prices
  • lamotrigine generic manufacturers of atorvastatin
  • anastrozole generic manufacturers of atorvastatin
  • lactone ring in atorvastatin dosage
  • monacolins lovastatin vs atorvastatin
  • atorvastatin side effects muscles
  • pharmastatin 20 mg
  • cost atorvastatin generic manufacturers
  • amorphous vs crystalline atorvastatin
  • atorvastatin dose and fda
  • cholestene lovastatin vs atorvastatin
  • apotex atorvastatin calcium tablets coupons
  • atorvastatin 20 mg lipitor
  • mylan atorvastatin coupon
  • atorvastatin 20 mg precious moments
  • atorvastatin lipitor ingredients
  • atorvastatin price at wegmans
  • medline india atorvastatin 20mg
  • atorvastatin vs rosuvastatin safety tips
  • ranbaxy atorvastatin calcium recall lot
  • said effect of atorvastatin 10 mg tablet
  • zestoretic available doses of atorvastatin
  • atorvastatin calcium walmart price
  • can you cut atorvastatin pills in half
  • atorvastatin calcium tablets generic
  • atorvastatin vs rosuvastatin diabetes in cats
  • atorvastatin dose in acsa
  • atorvastatin calcium dosages
  • storvas 10 atorvastatin calcium tablets ranbaxy pharmaceuticals
  • stellar study rosuvastatin vs atorvastatin
  • atorvastatin 80 mg para que sirve
  • atorvastatin calcium trihydrate wikipedia
  • doxazosin generic manufacturers of atorvastatin
  • simvastatin atorvastatin side effects
  • atorvastatin 80 mg secondary prevention of obesity
  • atorvastatin 20 mg what is it used for
  • recall on atorvastatin calcium
  • chirality center in atorvastatin medication
  • atorvastatin side effects numbness in toes
  • recall atorvastatin ranbaxy
  • atorvastatin pill markings lisinopril
  • atorvastatin doses available for tirosint
  • atorvastatin calcium 40 mg po tabs
  • pharmastatin 40 mg
  • difference between atorvastatin and lovastatin brand
  • atorvastatin calcium tablets spca
  • atorvastatin pfizer 20 mg preissuchmaschine
  • atorvastatin 20 mg dosis
  • atorvastatin calcium tablets ranbaxy india
  • atorvastatin vs rosuvastatin liver
  • high intensity statin atorvastatin medication
  • atorvastatin tablet ip 10mg melatonin
  • amlodipine atorvastatin cost
  • simvastatin 40 mg equivalent atorvastatin 20mg
  • generic lipitor atorvastatin
  • apo-atorvastatin 80 mg
  • side effects of fenofibrate and atorvastatin tablets 10
  • tahor 20 mg atorvastatin side effects
  • atorvastatin generic manufacturers of zolpidem
  • cost of atorvastatin at walmart

pharmastatin 40 mg

The clinical and MR imaging features were diagnostic of Joubert syndrome. New combination antifungal therapies might sufficiently control disseminated zygomycosis to allow allo-HSCT to be performed, assuring life-saving immune recovery. A possible methodological flaw in comparing dominant and nondominant sided lumbar spine muscle responses without simultaneously considering hand dominance.

pharmastatin 20 mg

A probability model is then used to investigate the intensity-dependent missing events and provides possible substitutions for the missing values. Dose rate correction in medium dose rate brachytherapy for carcinoma cervix. Treatment should include primarily behavioural measures, combined if necessary with symptomatic psychopharmacotherapy.

pharmastatin 20 mg

NCI-MS was the preferred detection method for the determination of very low concentrations of these important contaminants in sewage sludge samples. We enrolled 15 patients with severe heart failure due to nonischemic cardiomyopathy and with no histologic evidence of active myocarditis.

pharmastatin 20 mg

Mice lacking both MMP13 and MMP9 had severely impaired endochondral bone, characterized by diminished ECM remodeling, prolonged chondrocyte survival, delayed vascular recruitment and defective trabecular bone formation (resulting in drastically shortened bones). Although these findings were not expected in light of the literature, they emphasize the importance of the early familiar environment on future behavior of rats. Having worked in both systems, the relative values of each and their effects on medical litigation will be discussed. Palladium-catalyzed cleavage of O/N-propargyl protecting groups in aqueous media under a copper-free condition.

cost of atorvastatin at walmart

For the CCV and the solid/trabecular variant, due to the small number of cases, raw figures for the clinical features were obtained. Furthermore, the two methods of testing were similarly sensitive in detecting cognitive deficits. Differences in RE among homogeneous group of middle-distance runners were observed at various running speeds.

ranbaxy atorvastatin calcium recall lot

In a co-expression network, comprising genes (vertices) and gene-to-gene links (edges) representing co-expression relationships, local modular structures with tight intra-modular connections include genes that are co-expressed with each other. None of the reviewed dietary supplements can be recommended for over-the-counter use. Many epidemiologic characteristics of Buruli ulcers which are andemic in regions with and aquatic ecosystem are still unclear including the mode of infection, transmission and reservoir. Aged rats showed significantly impaired learning performance in both tasks.

recall on atorvastatin calcium

In the present study, using the Keap1-overexpressing derivatives of Caco-2 cells, human carcinoma cell line of colonic origin, by stable transfection of wild type Keap1, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the constitutive expression of these GST isozymes during differentiation. Molecular signatures of vascular injury are associated with early growth of intracerebral hemorrhage.

atorvastatin vs crestor dosage and side

The reference cohort comprised all transport and communication workers in Stockholm. Measurement of mood in adolescents with intellectual disability. While insects have repeatedly modified or reduced one pair of wings, or mechanically coupled their fore and hind wings, dragonflies and damselflies have maintained their distinctive, independently controllable, four-winged form for over 300Myr.

amorphous vs crystalline atorvastatin

Application of obstetric ultrasound to determine the most suitable parameters for the aging of formalin-fixed human fetuses using manual measurements. Early or late administration of aminoguanidine in diabetic rats reduced tissue fluorescence in glomeruli and renal tubules. A combination of nitric oxide and superoxide but not H(2)O(2) was responsible for the mitochondrial hyperpolarization.

atorvastatin 20 mg what is it used for

These studies represent an important step in understanding hepatocyte differentiation from hESCs and the role played by the cellular niche in vitro. The PRA is a valuable tool for the differential diagnosis of hyperphenylalaninaemic disorders and for the prediction of one aspect of the course of the disease which is related to the intellectual outcome of therapy. Endotoxin-induced changes in IGF-I differ in rats provided enteral vs.

recall on atorvastatin calcium

We also found that HGF secretion was significantly increased in cultured endometrial stromal cells, and that HGF stimulated the proliferation and migration of, and morphogenic changes in, endometrial epithelial cells. Quantitatively, secretion of GCP-2 always remained inferior to that of IL-8, despite the fact that the ELISA recognized all posttranslationally modified GCP-2 isoforms.

atorvastatin side effects muscles

The influence of various inhibitors on Bromocresol Purple decolorization suggested an oxidative nature of the MnP-catalyzed decolorization of SP dyes. Radiographs showed 19 implants were well fixed with no evidence of loosening, while 1 patient had a nonprogressive radio-lucent line on the ulna side of the prosthesis. Since the structure determination of bacteriorhodopsin in 1990, much progress has been made in the further development and use of electron crystallography. The effects of BAY 41-2272 on NO-sensitive GC and PDE5 activities were tested in vitro.

amorphous vs crystalline atorvastatin

A study of increased levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In vitro and in vivo selection techniques are developed to constitute new RNA-peptide interactions.

zestoretic available doses of atorvastatin

We have demonstrated new reproducible radiographic outcome measures to quantify OA progression with the potential to be an improvement over standard minimum joint space width. Imatinib plasma trough levels (C(min)) have been reported to correlate with treatment outcomes in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Evaluation of Computer-aided Strategies for Teaching Medical Students Prenatal Ultrasound Diagnostic Skills. Factor VII G331D: a variant molecule involving replacement of a residue in the substrate-binding region of the catalytic domain. A complex nervous system comprises two distinct cell types, neurons and glial cells, whose development, differentiation and function is mutually interdependent.

tahor 20 mg atorvastatin side effects

We demonstrate that caspase-9 is critical for apoptosis induced by SAHA and TSA and that efficient proteolytic activation of caspase-2, caspase-8, and caspase-7 strictly depends on caspase-9. Papaya glutamine cyclotransferase shows a singular five-fold beta-propeller architecture that suggests a novel reaction mechanism. The authors outline the TIGER Initiative as well as actions that nurse educators can take to develop and integrate informatics competencies into the curriculum to prepare nurses for the high-touch, high-technology patient-centered care of the 21st century. 15-Deoxyspergualin in patients with refractory ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis: a six-month open-label trial to evaluate safety and efficacy. It presents clinically with inverted exclamation markeucocytosis and fever, resembling a liver abscess.

aspavor atorvastatin information processing

gamma-H2AX measurements in peripheral lymphocytes after local radiotherapy allow the estimation of the applied integral body dose. Double-phase Tc-99m MIBI scintigraphy in secondary hyperparathyroidism relapsing after parathyroidectomy and removal of a parathyroid autograft. However, significant efforts are necessary to handle the problems arose during the translation process. Parameters included systolic and diastolic blood pressure, ejection duration, heart rate, aortic augmentation index (AAI), and sub-endocardial viability ratio (SEVR). Imbalanced plasticity of neural networks in the brain is proposed to underlie deficits in the integration of efferent and afferent processes in schizophrenia.

storvas 10 atorvastatin calcium tablets ranbaxy pharmaceuticals

Since lipid peroxidation has also been suggested to mediate anthracycline-induced heart failure, we designed a study aimed at investigating whether a DHA-enriched diet coupled with controlled oxidative conditions prevents or aggravates this serious side effect in vivo. The intensity of the luminescence depends on the dose absorbed by the OSLD and the intensity of the stimulation light.

storvas 10 atorvastatin calcium tablets ranbaxy pharmaceuticals

We report on three patients who had extensor tendon instability and were treated by trochlear resurfacing and extensor tendon realignment. This includes changes in DNA topology and the selective demethylation of CpG dinucleotides located in the cores of critical transcription factor binding sites, but not in flanking DNA. Homograft availability may be a problem and has resulted in a search for alternatives.

monacolins lovastatin vs atorvastatin

Therefore, the mechanisms through which the genetic influence is expressed, is still an enigma. Adenovirus 5 serotype vector-specific immunity and HIV-1 infection: a tale of T cells and antibodies. An integrated curriculum and the problematisation methodology were adopted as strategies to implement the PPP, tailoring education to the job market. Mothers of eastern wood rats (Neotoma floridana) normally invest their lactation energy equally in male and female offspring, but alter that investment when their food is severely restricted during lactation.

atorvastatin vs rosuvastatin diabetes in cats

We discuss the anatomical reasons and surgical techniques that predispose the ulna bone to delayed union and non-union and recommend surgical precautions to avoid this. Sucrose intake increased as concentration increased to 0.1 M, then plateaued between 0.3, 1.3, and 2.0 M sucrose for both groups. The physician-directed, clinic-based system for alternate site infusion therapy offers the advantages of easy communication and integrated decision making through the close teamwork and particular expertise of the nurse, physician, and pharmacist. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis of Glu-1 high-molecular-mass glutenin genes from wheat by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection.

sortis 10 mg atorvastatin prices

We have recently shown that polyclonal non-internal image anti-idiotypic antibodies of the gamma-type could induce protective anti-coronavirus immunity. The treatment outcome was poor and local control was a major problem. Two-dimensional gels, followed by mass spectrometry, were used to define the heat-shock stimulons in several bacteria, and to study the regulatory elements that control the heat-shock response.

difference between atorvastatin and lovastatin brand

Districts with higher unemployment levels and higher numbers of pregnancies in young women had higher registration rates for invasive cervical cancer. This case is unusual in that the illness was characterised by recurrent episodes rather than a monophasic course and that the choice of treatment was intravenous immunoglobulin over corticosteroids. Acute onset of facial nerve palsy associated with Lyme disease in a 6 year-old child.

 Show Hide 
atorvastatin doses available for tirosint 2012-03-22

Today, botulinum toxin (Btx) belongs to the standard repertoire in the treatment of spasticity. We conclude that peritoneal mesotheliomas may occasionally present as inflammatory processes without grossly evident tumor generic pantoprazole and can be diagnosed by microscopic findings alone. These data are consistent with a shortage of Mn to produce functional photosystem II, whereas mitochondrial Mn-dependent superoxide dismutase activity is maintained under Mn deficiency in both genotypes.

doxazosin generic manufacturers of atorvastatin 2014-01-13

Results are discussed in terms of the utility of the HSC with adolescents and adolescent suicide attempters and with regard to differences between child and adult samples in hopelessness. The items of the questionnaire were retained that represented potential stressors. Analysis novamoxin amoxicillin side effects of the latter group revealed a number of genes that may be involved in the biosynthesis of ginsenosides, namely, oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC), cytochrome P450, and glycosyltransferase.

thuoc atorvastatin 20 mg co tot khong 2013-10-01

Tissue integration and biomechanical behaviour of contaminated experimental polypropylene and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene implants. In the 2-year period between January 2000 and January 2002, 42 fetuses underwent neurosonographic and MRI examinations of vendee lucon v strasbourg soccerway uk the brain. DNA was extracted from the urine samples and used to amplify the 610-bp region (IG region) of the viral genome. The use of platelet transfusions to prevent rather than to treat bleeding in children with malignant disease has increased several times over the last two decades.

pharmastatin 20 mg 2012-09-02

Cognition (Mini Mental Status Examination), mobility (Berg balance scale, triflucan 50 mg sans ordonnance de sauvegarde timed up-and-go), and chart audit were also undertaken. Antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) are associated with thrombosis, thrombocytopenia and fetal loss but they occur in a variety of diseases. The targets, small flat discs made of pure graphite, were subsequently analyzed by ETV-ICP-MS without any preparatory steps.

cholestene lovastatin vs atorvastatin 2015-11-02

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with obesity, insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. Eight animals developed muco-haemorrhagic diarrhoea with impaired general appearance, changes in white blood cell counts and increased levels of the topiramate tablets ip 25mg seroquel acute phase protein Serum Amyolid A. Cellular and molecular aspects of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by mutations in the cardiac troponin I gene. Various radiological tests may allow us to establish a working diagnosis for this kind of neoplasia, but CT scan and MRI are the main ones.

atorvastatin calcium tablets generic 2013-12-22

A serological study of Leptospira antibodies was carried out on 21 platypuses captured between May and October 2001 in the Wollondilly River 200 km south of Sydney, New South Wales. In particular, their incidence in various types of lymphoma is reviewed, the types of commercially available FISH probes to detect such abnormalities are discussed, and clinical situations where such analysis can be of diagnostic utility are described. Availability of standard collections for high-quality experimental data will be by of great help for systematic studying of RNA editing, especially for developing computational algorithm to predict RNA editing lopid 300 mg pfizer careers site. Detection of protein modifications and counterfeit protein pharmaceuticals using isotope tags for relative and absolute quantification and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry: studies of insulins.

atorvastatin 20 mg lipitor 2014-10-12

In Salmonella, the bacterium on which this chapter largely focuses, the apparatus responsible for flagellar toradol dosage forms of spironolactone protein export consists of six membrane components, three soluble components and several substrate-specific chaperones. Computer-based fabrication of occlusal splints for treatment of bruxism and TMD.

thuoc atorvastatin 20 mg co tot khong 2013-05-25

The control animals received 0.8 g of morselized autogenous iliac crest bone graft harvested from a single iliac crest. Lysosomes are membrane-bound acidic organelles that contain hydrolases used for intracellular digestion of various macromolecules in a process generally referred to as autophagy. This article reviews the use of the mouse as a convenient small animal model of HSPC mobilization liometacen injection sites and transplantation, and outlines the range of murine assays that can be applied to assess novel HSPC mobilizing agents. Phonologic mediation is fundamental to reading: evidence from beginning readers.